A new hydraulic system was proposed as a solution to relieve the hydraulic resistance in the actuators. The proposed system is a four ports hydraulic cylinder fitted with a novel flow control valve. Goldenberg, "Design of a new high performance electrohydraulic actuator," in Proceedings of The International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME,, 1999, pp.
Abstract: Leprosy or Hansen's disease is caused by an obligate intracellular pathogen i.e. Leprosy is a granulomatous disease of peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Bowers KJ, Chow E, Xu H, Dror RO, Eastwood MP, Gregersen BA, Klepeis JL, Kolossvary I, Moraes MA, Sacerdoti FD, Salmon JK, Shan Y, Shaw DE (2006) Scalable Algorithms for Molecular Dynamics Simulations on Commodity Clusters. Abstract: For dynamic optimization problems, the aim of an effective optimization algorithm is both to find the optimal solutions and to track the optima over time.
Ki "Economic Load Dispatch: A New Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization Approach"sept.11 2007.
This causes a lot of heat generation and energy loss within the actuators.
The study investigates and analyzes the possibilities of reducing the hydraulic resistance and increasing efficiency of the hydraulic actuator.
Eberhart "Fuzzy Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization" Evolutionary computation, 2001 proceeding of the 2001 congres on vol.1 page no.
Gaing, "Particle Swarm Optimization to solving the economic dispatch considering generator constraints," IEEE Trans.
The organism requires minimal set of functional genes for its survival. Bateman A, Birney E, Cerruti L (2002).‖The Pfam Protein Families Database‖. Two kinds of improved evolution rules are proposed to replace the rule in regular cellular genetic algorithm, in which null cells are considered to the foods of individuals in population and the maximum of living individuals in cellular space is limited by their food.
This infectious disease results in Leprosy reactions that cause irreversible nerve damage and disabilities. Black PN, Zhang Q, Weimar JD, Di Russo CC (1997) Mutational analysis of a fatty Acyl-coenzyme A Synthetase signature motif identifies seven amino acid residues that modulate fatty acid substrate specificity. In: Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Conference on Supercomputing (SC06), Nov 11–17, Florida. Chemotherapy of leprosy for control programs- report of WHO study (2004). In this paper, we advanced two kinds of cellular genetic algorithms inspired by the density dependence scheme in ecological system to solving dynamic optimization problems.
Results show that the hydraulic resistance is significantly reduced in the proposed four ports actuators; and the proposed cylinders run faster than the conventional cylinders and a considerable amount of energyis saved as well.
Key words: Computational Hydraulic, Energy Efficient Actuators, Energy Saving in Hydraulic, Hydraulic Control Reference  P.
The bacteria have developed resistance against many of the drugs available in the market.